There is significant preliminary research supporting the potential therapeutic value of CBD, and while it is not yet sufficient to support drug approval, it highlights the need for rigorous clinical research in this area. There are barriers that should be addressed to facilitate more research in this area. We appreciate the opportunity to testify on the potential use of CBD for therapeutic purposes. Thank you again for inviting me here today, and I look forward to any questions you may have.
Worse, CBD is being produced without any regulation, resulting in products that vary widely in quality, said Marcel Bonn-Miller, an adjunct assistant professor of psychology in psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.
Cannabis oil is the concentrated, sticky, resinous substance that is derived from the cannabis plant. This oil has become very popular and famous in recent years due to the movement for legalized marijuana in certain countries. As it possesses CBD and THC, there are a number of health benefits that users of cannabis oil can enjoy. It is derived from the resin of the cannabis flowers, commonly known as marijuana.
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Glad you asked! Cannabinoids are the primary chemical compounds found in hemp and all cannabis plants. The two you have probably heard of are CBD and THC. CBD is the best known non-psychoactive cannabinoid, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the only psychoactive cannabinoid. Hemp oil contains only trace amounts of THC (less than .3%).
The recreational smoking of marijuana, or Cannabis sativa, has become widespread, including among adolescents. Marijuana contains a class of compounds known as phytocannabinoids that include cannabidiol (CBD) and ▵9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the major psychoactive component in marijuana, but also exhibits immunosuppressive activity. CBD, while not psychotropic, also modulates immune function, but its mechanism of action appears to differ from that of THC. Since both compounds are highly lipophilic, they readily passage the blood–brain barrier and access the central nervous system. Since CBD is not psychotropic, it has been considered as a candidate therapeutic compound for ablating neuropathological processes characterized by hyperinflammation. However, an unresolved question centers around the impact of these compounds on immune-competent cells within the CNS in relation to susceptibility to infection. There are accumulating data indicating that THC inhibits the migratory capability of macrophage-like cells resident in the CNS, such as microglia, toward nodes of microbial invasion. Furthermore, phytocannabinoids have been reported to exert developmental and long-term effects on the immune system suggesting that exposure to these substances during an early stage in life has the potential to alter the fundamental neuroimmune response to select microbial agents in the adult.
The CBs hold much promise in not only improving stroke but also traumatic and anoxic brain injury outcome. There is a rise in evidence that the endocannabinoids and botanical nonpsychoactive cannabidiol derivatives from the cannabis plant have a multitude of beneficial effects, particularly with ischemic stroke. Animal models of stroke have shown cannabidiol increases cerebral blood flow (CBF) mediated by 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 1A (5HT1A) receptors and induces vasorelaxation .
I have been using a nano-enhanced Hemp oil for my chronic arthritis and it’s helped tremendously! I’ve had 3 hip replacements within a 14 month period and still have pain. I also suffer from chronic back pain from a fall some years ago (or rather, slid down on my butt) down stairs. After the first day of taking it I woke up the next morning NOT needing a pain pill as I normally do just to get out of bed. I felt amazing!! I try to take it regularly (I can’t stand the taste) because I know it works. I say, if Hemp oil works it’s a good brand, if it doesn’t, either try another or move on to CBD oil.
^ Jump up to: a b c d Campos AC, Moreira FA, Gomes FV, Del Bel EA, Guimarães FS (December 2012). “Multiple mechanisms involved in the large-spectrum therapeutic potential of cannabidiol in psychiatric disorders”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences (Review). 367 (1607): 3364–78. doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0389. PMC 3481531 . PMID 23108553.
I live in TN as well…. what do you mean “legal for certain groups”? I was under the impression it was legal across the state. Is it not? There is a place in Woodbury, TN (not sure where you live) that has a state grant to grow & produce different types of hemp & cbd oils. Ypu may want to check it out. I plan to visit there this week myself as I suffer from migraines almost daily. Here’s the site, I put a space in it after the .com so it would post. halfhillfarm.com /2017/05/05/hemp-extract-cbd-now-available-in-woodbury/
Jump up ^ Hayakawa K, Mishima K, Hazekawa M, Sano K, Irie K, Orito K, Egawa T, Kitamura Y, Uchida N, Nishimura R, Egashira N, Iwasaki K, Fujiwara M (January 2008). “Cannabidiol potentiates pharmacological effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol via CB(1) receptor-dependent mechanism”. Brain Research. 1188: 157–64. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2007.09.090. PMID 18021759.
Bergamaschi MM, Queiroz RH, Chagas MH, et al. Cannabidiol reduces the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in treatment-naïve social phobia patients. Neuropsychopharmacology 2011;36(6):1219-26. View abstract.
-While most marijuana strains contain high levels of CBD, industrial hemp contains low levels of CBDs comparatively. Therefore, it takes a large amount of industrial hemp to produce the same desired result as a small amount of high-grade CBD.
Hey Matthew! Thanks for reaching out and asking. It depends on a lot of things, you would have to ask around to some CBD drink companies to find out more! Sorry I can’t be of more help, but good luck in your search 🙂
On June 2, 2014, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley signed S 1035into law. “Julian’s Law” pertains to people who obtain a written certification signed by a physician “stating that the patient has been diagnosed with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, also known as ‘severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy’, or any other severe form of epilepsy that is not adequately treated by traditional medical therapies and the physician’s conclusion that the patient might benefit from the medical use of cannabidiol.” Those patients may use CBD oil that is less than 0.9% THC and more than 15% cannabidiol, which is to be provided by the Medical University of South Carolina in a study to determine the effects of CBD on controlling seizures.
To access cannabis oil, a solvent extraction process is required, which returns roughly 3-5 grams of oil per ounce of flower product used. Using grain or isopropyl alcohol as a solvent, you can strain the result of the mixture, leaving cannabis oil behind. It is a lengthy process, and in countries where cannabis is legal, there are many places to access high-quality cannabis oil.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 400+ ingredients found in marijuana and is not psychoactive. Many states have passed laws allowing for the use of a CBD extract, usually in oil form, with minimal tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and often for the treatment of epilepsy or seizures in seriously ill children.
A muscle disorder called dystonia. Early research suggests that taking cannabidiol daily for 6 weeks might improve dystonia by 20% to 50% in some people. But higher quality research is needed to confirm this.
Research is beginning to show that CBD is different than other well-studied cannabinoids. All cannabinoids act as ligands, meaning they dock onto the binding site of a protein and have the ability to modulate a receptor’s behavior. CB1 receptors are widely distributed, but are particularly abundant in areas of the brain, including those concerned with movement, coordination, pain and sensory perception, emotion, memory, cognition, autonomic and endocrine functions. (2)
Seventeen additional states have CBD-specific laws on the books, according to Prevention magazine. Those are Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Several scientific reports demonstrate that CBD benefits include possessing antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic effects that inhibit cancer cell migration, adhesion and invasion. (9) A 2006 study published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics found for the first time that CBD potently and selectively inhibited the growth of different breast tumor cell lines and exhibited significantly less potency in non-cancer cells. (10)
– While CBD oil has not gained full approval from the FDA yet, you should still look to purchase a quality product with a great track record for proper testing, safety, and efficacy of effects. The best CBD will be carefully screened for harmful elements and toxins such as mold, pesticides, bacteria, solvent residues, and more.
Cannabidiol—CBD—is a cannabis compound that has significant medical benefits, but does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psychoactivity of THC. The fact that CBD-rich cannabis is non-psychoactive or less psychoactive than THC-dominant strains makes it an appealing option for patients looking for relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, spasms, and other conditions without disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria.
-To ensure that your CBD oil is free of these potentially harmful toxins, it’s important that you search for a CBD product from a reputable and trustworthy source. Before you buy, read the fine print to make sure to select one with the best ingredients, including zero GMOs, trans fats, corn syrup, colorings, and other additives.
Most people are used to taking a morning multivitamin, so with CBD oil capsules, it’s easy to get your CBD into your daily routine. Most CBD capsules contain a moderate serving, usually 25 mg or more. If you start your day with your morning fish oil capsule or multivitamin, these capsules could be for you.
Hemp and marijuana are cousins in the plant world, but marijuana has a much higher THC content than hemp. Hemp oil contains low levels of CBD – typically less than 25 parts per million – while CBD oil can be up to 15% CBD. Because the plants are related, some unscrupulous sellers of hemp oil are trying to market it for its medicinal value, which is negligible.
CBD Isolate is the purest supplement available. It’s a 99% pure CBD supplement derived from hemp oil. It can be used in a variety of ways. It can be consumed itself, added to foods and beverages, or vaporized. You can also add it to other CBD products to increase their potency.
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Some studies show that CBD can counteract these adverse effects, but more research is needed, as most of this research is done on animals or is based on anecdotal reports. Little research has focused on the safety and side effects of CBD in humans; however, clinical trials indicate that only a few, generally mild side effects have been observed after CBD administration and tolerance for CBD does not seem to occur.
I wanted to answer this because we’ve already experienced this first hand. My Mom has chronic arthritis pretty much all over her body along with a severe case of Psoraisis through out most of her body. We were desperate to get her relief for several years and finally tried edible Cannibis. Since my Mom is in her 80s this was not easy to convince her to do. But her arthritis and Psoraisis was getting worse we tried Cannibis and it soothed her pain of arthritis…this was our main focus was to find her some relief of arthritis pain…after 3-4 weeks of taking the edibles (we got chocolate forms of edibles) we also noticed her Psoraisis was slowly disappearing! It’s now been about 7 mos and she is about 90% improved of her CHRONIC PSORAISIS !!! We weren’t really concentrating on her Psoraisis as much as focused on helping her get some relief of her arthritis, but miraculously – we were able to relieve her with both diseases…
CBD was isolated from the cannabis plant in 1940 independently by Adams and Todd and their colleagues. They assessed CBD and considered it to be biologically inactive. The chemical structure of CBD was fully established in 1963 by Mechoulam and Shvo.
CBD has also been shown to have neuroprotective properties in cell cultures as well as in animal models of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s,xii,xiii,xiv stroke,xv glutamate toxicity,xvi multiple sclerosis (MS),xvii Parkinson’s disease,xviii and neurodegeneration caused by alcohol abuse.xix Nabiximols (trade name Sativex), which contains THC and CBD in roughly equal proportions, has been approved throughout most of Europe and in a number of other countries for the treatment of spasticity associated with MS. It has not been approved in the United States, but clinical trials are ongoing, and two recent studies reported that nabiximols reduced the severity of spasticity in MS patients.xx,xxi There have been limited clinical trials to assess the potential efficacy of CBD for the other indications highlighted; however, a recent small double-blind trial in patients with Parkinson’s disease found the CBD improved quality-of-life scores.xxii
Pure hemp cannabidiol oil can be consumed directly as a nutritional supplement. Over the years, great advances in CBD hemp oil product development have led to what are now dozens of different types of CBD hemp oil products, including capsules, drops, and even chewing gum. Concentrated pure CBD hemp oil can also be infused into skin and body care products and used topically.
Let’s start by looking at THC. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the compound found in cannabis with psychotropic properties. Medical marijuana companies breed their plants to have the highest concentrations of this compound. It is associated with the feeling of being high that marijuana smokers experience. Effects include feelings of euphoria, pain relief and sometimes increased anxiety and paranoia.
Jump up ^ Mishima K, Hayakawa K, Abe K, Ikeda T, Egashira N, Iwasaki K, Fujiwara M (May 2005). “Cannabidiol prevents cerebral infarction via a serotonergic 5-hydroxytryptamine1A receptor-dependent mechanism”. Stroke. 36 (5): 1077–82. doi:10.1161/01.STR.0000163083.59201.34. PMID 15845890.
It’s important to remember that THC oil has psychoactive properties, so it’s still illegal in states where medical and/or recreational use of marijuana is prohibited. Aside from the illegal nature of THC, many health professionals and medical authorities question it’s efficacy as a treatment option since comes with such profound psychoactive effects. In fact, many doctors and researchers see THC oil as more dangerous than it is beneficial.
From what we understand Cannabinoids seem to tap into the ECS and produce extremely positive effects. CBD has this positive because it can interact with cells in our body because the CBD molecule is akin to a chemical the body produces naturally called endocannabinoids.
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Cannabis essential oil is one of the most unusual oils in the essential oil range, simply because of the plant from which it is derived. Although cannabis and hemp have been used for thousands of years as naturally growing herbs, their reputation as a drug in many parts of the world has complicated the relationship between users of cannabis and hemp, and authorities in certain places. However, cannabis essential oil is a beneficial essential oil and is widely considered as one of the most effective oils for the alleviation of certain illnesses and conditions. It is extracted by steam distillation from the flowers and upper leaves of cannabis plants, which are in the Cannabis genus.
This normal-strength CBD oil is super easy to use thanks to its innovative spray bottle design. No more counting drops; instead, just two quick sprays on your tongue is all you need. A great entry-level product for the healthy skeptic, it comes in three flavors, and each bottle contains 80 servings.
We are all aware of the promising therapeutic benefits that can be derived from using CBD oil, but it also may interact poorly with other prescription and over-the-counter drug and medications. Since side effects are unavoidable when taking CBD extracted from both hemp and marijuana, its interaction with drugs that are taken simultaneously may result in adverse effects or serious complications. Hemp CBD oil can inhibit the liver’s ability in processing certain medications, which may result in an overall increase in processing times. As the liver experiences difficulty in metabolizing, drugs stay longer in the body. In some cases, the interaction could cause serious side effects or even overdose. With this in mind, you should consult your physician before starting on any hemp CBD oil therapy and may be required to alter your CBD dosage.
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