CBD is the major nonpsychoactive component of Cannabis sativa. According to a 2013 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, CBD benefits including acting in some experimental models as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia. (1)
Furthermore, THC and CBD oils also differ in the nature and effect of their Cannabinoid content. Cannabinoids typically bind to receptor sites located in the brain, called CB-1, and various parts of the human body called CB-2. But different cannabinoids produce different effects depending on which type of receptor they bind to. THC mostly binds to receptors in the brain, but CBD unlocks the receptors scattered throughout the body, making it far more useful for healing properties.
One of the most popular and well-known uses of cannabis essential oil is to get relief from stress and anxiety. The natural compounds found in this oil, including the famed THC, which is what gives cannabis the distinction of a drug in many countries, are very good for releasing pleasure hormones and relaxing the mind, reducing stress, and inducing a sense of calmness and relaxation.
^ Jump up to: a b c Laun AS, Shrader SH, Brown KJ, Song ZH (June 2018). “GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12 as novel molecular targets: their biological functions and interaction with cannabidiol”. Acta Pharmacol. Sin. doi:10.1038/s41401-018-0031-9. PMID 29941868.
Cannabis essential oil is a green liquid that is considered highly volatile, and its component parts are very powerful, including monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and other highly active organic compounds. The essential oil is primarily made and distributed from France and various other European countries, but its exportation is somewhat limited by, as mentioned above, the legal ramifications of what cannabis essential oil is derived from.
As the use of CBD oil is very new, there are still significant gaps in what we know about its effects. While we can confidently say the substance is safe and legal, its exact benefits are still an issue of hot debates and fervent research.
Jump up ^ Marks MD, Tian L, Wenger JP, Omburo SN, Soto-Fuentes W, He J, Gang DR, Weiblen GD, Dixon RA (2009). “Identification of candidate genes affecting Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol biosynthesis in Cannabis sativa”. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60 (13): 3715–26. doi:10.1093/jxb/erp210. PMC 2736886 . PMID 19581347.
I finally got oil a month ago after dealing with chronic nerve pain/migraines, massive anxiety, and getting off of prescription opiates. I’m so so sad I didn’t do this before but I’m grateful I take it now.
NIDA is currently collaborating with the National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke to evaluate CBD in animal models of epilepsy in order to understand the underlying mechanisms and optimize the conditions under which CBD may treat seizure disorders, and determine whether it works synergistically with other anti-seizure medications. In addition, clinical trials are currently underway by GW Pharmaceuticals, testing the efficacy of Epidiolex, a purified CBD extract, for treatment of pediatric epilepsy.
Long LE, Chesworth R, Huang XF, et al. A behavioral comparison of acute and chronic Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in C57BL/6JArc mice. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2010;13(7):861-76. View abstract.
Cannabinoids have long been considered as potential treatments for tremors associated with various CNS disorders, e.g., multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease (Arjmand et al., 2015) and this is described later. However, some studies suggest caution in the use of SCB in these diseases and in mice the synthetic CB receptor agonists CP55,940 and HU-210 evoked motor impairment (DeSanty & Dar, 2001). The phytocannabinoid nabilone increases choreatic movements in Huntington’s disease (Müller-Vahl, Schneider, & Emrich, 1999). The motor centers of the brain including the basal ganglia and the cerebellum contain very high CB1 receptor levels and thus one might expect SCB to have a significant effect on such symptoms as tremor.
Wade, D. T., Collin, C., Stott, C., and Duncombe, P. Meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of Sativex (nabiximols), on spasticity in people with multiple sclerosis. Mult.Scler. 2010;16(6):707-714. View abstract.
One test-tube study found that CBD oil prevented sebaceous gland cells from secreting excessive sebum, exerted anti-inflammatory actions and prevented the activation of “pro-acne” agents like inflammatory cytokines (24).
Clara is a cannabis enthusiast evolving in the city of Barcelona, a vibrant hub for the European cannabis industry. She believes in free access to cannabinoids, and joined Harmony to spread word of CBD to the world.
Finally, the imported bulk CBD hemp oil is combined with other ingredients by our formulators to create our extensive lineup of internationally recognized brands, like Dixie Botanicals®, CanChew®, and Real Scientific Hemp Oil™.
Ligresti A, Moriello AS, Starowicz K, et al. Antitumor activity of plant cannabinoids with emphasis on the effect of cannabidiol on human breast carcinoma. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2006;318(3):1375-87. View abstract.
“CBD-rich” versus “CBD dominant:” By “CBD-rich,” we mean a cannabis strain or product that has equal amounts of CBD and THC, or more CBD than THC (usually at least 4 percent CBD by dry weight.). By “CBD-dominant,” we mean strains or products that are CBD-rich but have very little THC content.
Bhattacharyya S, Fusar-Poli P, Borgwardt S, et al. Modulation of mediotemporal and ventrostriatal function in humans by Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a neural basis for the effects of Cannabis sativa on learning and psychosis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2009;66(4):442-51. View abstract.
“If it proved effective for anxiety, depression and panic disorder, it may have other effects as well that could be useful and beneficial [but] this is a really early stage,” says David Shurtleff, the acting director of the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. His organization’s stance: “Take it one step at a time and do the work and really state where we are right now with the research,” he says.
All the information found on these pages is unbiased and backed by scientific facts, aiming to dispel misconceptions and empower you to make the right decision when it comes to introducing CBD’s beneficial properties to your everyday life. If you still have questions about the best CBD oil products or the best CBD serving sizes, we’d love to hear from you.
It’s not clear how CBD works. This is partly because it stimulates multiple biochemical pathways, which may account for its wide range of effects. The compound is a powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, and it increases levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin as well as another molecule, anandamide, which reduces pain and anxiety.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually. For example, CBD inhibits THC’s psychotropic effects when the two are taken together. However, CBD does this (and produces many other effects) without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing.
Medical research can and is being done with schedule 1 substances, including CBD and other active ingredients in marijuana, but there are strict regulations and administrative hurdles associated with this status. According to the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, the DEA is currently conducting a scientific review of CBD to elucidate its pharmacology and abuse liability and to identify gaps in the published literature. (22)
At Harmony, we are always happy to answer any questions and ensure that our valued clientele can purchase products that are right for their individual needs. Contact us if you wish to receive our certificate of analysis!
I have fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Also chronic migraines and environmental allergies. This has been going on for nearly 30 years . ALL my joints are affected and my muscles and skin as well. I’m to the point of giving up because I’m in constant PAIN. I need some serious HELP! CAN SOMEONE PLEASE TELL ME WHETHER THE HEMP OIL OR THE CBD WILL HELP ME MORE? ..AND GOD WILLING SOON?
Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two most prominent cannabinoids found in Cannabis, the plant genus that includes both hemp and marijuana. While there are over 100 different cannabinoids so far identified in cannabis by scientists, CBD and THC are by far the most extensively studied and best understood.
Joyce, I also went through an itching, I think it was kicking out prescription drugs stored in my liver or tissues…finally stopped. I look at it as a healing. I even had a rash for awhile too. I rubbed some oil on my skin I didn’t react as allergic so that’s why I feel I was kicking something out.
With the correct serving size, CBD has been shown to significantly help soothe stress, pain, and inflammation (and potentially many other problems too). An appropriately high serving size of CBD may give you the desired effects you seek, but most people will not reap its benefits if too little is used.
Bergamaschi MM, Queiroz RH, Chagas MH, et al. Cannabidiol reduces the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in treatment-naïve social phobia patients. Neuropsychopharmacology 2011;36(6):1219-26. View abstract.
I was shaking from anxiety. Social Anxiety is keeping me home. I’ve gone out and volunteered, to church. Even told my lady friend “can’t leave til mail arrives.” It arrived! I went running – well jogging inside knee brace and all.
Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together (for example, using medical marijuana), it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids. That’s because unprocessed cannabis includes more than 60 different types of cannabinoids, including CBD and THC.
Just like your method of ingestion, your optimal dose of CBD oil or CBD tincture is highly personal. We are not able to make exact dosing recommendations as per FDA regulations, but we generally suggest that you start small, and work your way up to the dose that feels right, especially if you have little experience with hemp oil.
Mr. Chairman, Ms. Chairwoman, and Members of the Senate Drug Caucus, thank you for inviting the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to participate in this hearing to share what we know about the biology and the potential therapeutic effects of cannabidiol (CBD), one of the main active chemical compounds found in marijuana. In light of the rapidly evolving interest in the potential use of marijuana and its derivative compounds for medical purposes, it is important to take stock of what we know and do not know about the therapeutic potential of CBD.
An orally administered cannabidiol solution containing sesame oil (brand name Epidiolex) is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2018 as a treatment for two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
However, we must note here that in scientific studies such as these, correlation does not imply causation; that is, the usage of THC might be linked to psychiatric disorders without necessarily being that root cause of them. (Much like lighters are linked to smoking, but possession of a lighter does not necessarily mean you are a smoker.)
Cibaderm® offers a full line of CBD hemp oil body care products. Their CBD Hemp Oil Body Wash contains a unique blend of CBD hemp oil and organic steam-distilled essential oils. The Cibaderm® Body Lotion and Moisturizer is packed with 50 mg CBD Hemp Nourish™ to leave the skin silky soft. The Hand Cream contains 25 mg CBD combined with powerful antioxidants like vitamin E. Cibaderm® also offers innovative hemp CBD infused hair care products, including Hemp Shampoo and and CBD Hemp Soft™ Conditioner.
Ohlsson, A., Lindgren, J. E., Andersson, S., Agurell, S., Gillespie, H., and Hollister, L. E. Single-dose kinetics of deuterium-labelled cannabidiol in man after smoking and intravenous administration. Biomed.Environ Mass Spectrom. 1986;13(2):77-83. View abstract.
Further to this, CBD is legal whereas THC is not. To use medical marijuana, it has to be legal in the state that you live in plus you need a doctor to prescribe it. Hemp CBD is much more accessible and can be bought from many outlets.
These products are not intended for use by persons under legal smoking age or nonsmokers. These products do not treat, diagnose, or cure any disease, physical ailment, or condition. Cannabidiol or CBD, is a promising phytocannabinoid found in agricultural hemp. CBD is non-psychotoxic (i.e. it does not result in feelings of euphoria) and has a remarkable safety profile.
As mentioned above, cannabis and hemp differ in the levels of naturally occurring THC that they contain. THC is a cannabinoid like CBD. However, its properties are very different and often antagonistic to the effects of CBD. Hemp is naturally high in CBD and low in THC; the reverse is true of cannabis. In fact, hemp contains only about 0.3% – 1.5% THC, while cannabis contains about 5% – 10% or more THC.
It can feel impossible to know which CBD brands are reputable and which are not. The goal of our independent CBD brand and product reviews is to help you feel empowered to make that decision. We only retail five-star verified brands, so you can
Can CBD oil relieve arthritis pain? Recent studies suggest that canabidiol oil (CBD oil) could play a role in treating arthritis. What are the benefits CBD oil and are there any side effects? Read now
Toth CC, Jedrzejewski NM, Ellis CL, Frey WH. Cannabinoid-mediated modulation of neuropathic pain and microglial accumulation in a model of murine type 1 diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain. Mol Pain 2010;6:16. View abstract.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved CBD for the treatment of any condition. It can be difficult to know whether a product contains a safe or effective level of CBD or whether the product has the properties and contents stated on its packaging and marketing.
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To make this more concrete, let’s use an example here. This is a high-CBD hemp oil product made from industrial hemp. It has a concentration of CBD between 18% and 24%. This means that it has 18%–24% parts CBD dissolved in the actual oil, which is composed by other substances. So 18%–24% is pure CBD, and the rest are hemp oil extracts and other fatty acid substances.
For people who suffer from insomnia, constant anxiety during the night or simply struggle to get a sound, restful night of undisturbed sleep, cannabis essential oil works like a charm. By relaxing the body and mind, and inducing a lower energy level, it will be easier to get your heart rate down and clear your head before a long night of peaceful slumber.
Malone DT, Jongejan D, Taylor DA. Cannabidiol reverses the reduction in social interaction produced by low dose Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2009;93(2):91-6. View abstract.
Word of Caution: Although this list clearly shows that cannabis essential oil can be an effective remedy for many common health conditions, it is still a potent chemical substance extracted from a plant with psychotropic substances. Therefore, you should always be very careful while using such an essential oil, including the amount you use and the conditions under which you use it. Speak to a professional about mixing essential oils and present medications before adding any new elements to your health regimen. Also, use of cannabis is restricted/banned in many countries, so consult a local health specialist before use.
Some CBD oil products can be mixed into different foods or drinks, taken from a pipette or dropper, or are available as a thick paste to be massaged into the skin. CBD can also be purchased in capsule form.
There is some promising evidence that CBD use may help people to quit smoking. A pilot study posted to Addictive Behaviors found that smokers who used an inhaler containing the compound CBD smoked fewer cigarettes but did not have any additional craving for nicotine.
So Herrera, who’s experienced her own share of pain due to a shoulder injury followed by a bout of Lyme disease, went to a local herb shop and bought a vial of the oil, which, by some definitions, is legal in all states if it doesn’t contain more than 0.3 percent THC – the psychoactive component of cannabis. She began putting seven to nine drops under her tongue first thing most mornings – and was startled by the results. “It’s changed my pain level, my anxiety level and my stress level,” says Herrera, who already practiced yoga, meditated regularly, ate a healthy diet and tried conventional medical treatments for pain and mobility. “It was shocking,” she says, because she thought her patients’ reports were due to the placebo effect. “Right now,” she adds, “I feel pretty amazing.”
Leighty EG, Fentiman AF Jr, Foltz RL. Long-retained metabolites of delta9- and delta8-tetrahydrocannabinols identified as novel fatty acid conjugates. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol 1976;14(1):13-28. View abstract.
Resstel LB, Joca SR, Moreira FA, et al. Effects of cannabidiol and diazepam on behavioral and cardiovascular responses induced by contextual conditioned fear in rats. Behav Brain Res 2006;172(2):294-8. View abstract.
Cannabidiol has been found to act as an antagonist of the GPR55, a G protein-coupled receptor and putative cannabinoid receptor that is expressed in the caudate nucleus and putamen in the brain. It has also been found to act as an inverse agonist of the GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12. Although currently classified as orphan receptors, these receptors are most closely related phylogeneticaly to the cannabinoid receptors. In addition to orphan receptors, CBD has been shown to act as a serotonin 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist, and this action may be involved in its antidepressant, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective effects. It is an allosteric modulator of the μ- and δ-opioid receptors as well. The pharmacological effects of CBD have additionally been attributed to PPARγ agonism and intracellular calcium release.
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